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最有君子气质的梅花——绿萼的栽培技术



黄云随袜知何处,招得冰魂付北枝。金谷楼高愁欲坠,断肠谁把玉龙吹。——宋•姜夔《绿萼梅》


绿萼为蔷薇科、杏属小乔木,别名:绿萼梅。原产中国,现我国台湾、江苏、四川、湖北等地分布较多。绿萼树姿苍劲,疏影横斜,花白萼绿,气质高雅,香味浓,品种多,是梅花中的名品,也是最有君子气质的梅花。可盆栽置于厅堂、书房等处点缀,也可于庭院栽植,园林中多栽植于假山旁,窗下,极具观赏价值。绿萼花蕾可入药,有舒肝和胃,止脘痛、化痰的功效,主治食欲不振,肝胃气痛,食欲不振,头晕,瘰疬。果实可食、盐渍或千制,或熏制成乌梅人药,有止咳、止泻、生津、止渴之效。


绿萼高4~10米,树皮浅灰色或带绿色,平滑;叶片卵形或椭圆形,叶边常具小锐锯齿,灰绿色;花单生或2朵同生于1芽内,先于叶开放, 花萼为绿色,花瓣碟形,花色洁白,有单瓣、重瓣和复瓣之分;果实近球形,黄色或绿白色,核椭圆形,花期冬春,果期5~6月。


绿萼喜光,喜通风良好、温暖湿润的环境,耐寒、较耐旱,在湿润肥沃、排水良好,富含腐殖质的沙质壤土上生长良好。


绿萼的栽培技术
(1)育苗技术:绿萼多采用嫁接和扦插繁殖,嫁接,6~9月用山桃做砧木,选择生长健壮饱满的萌芽,采用盾状芽接发嫁接,嫁接后加强管理,待嫁接成活生长稳定后即可移栽。扦插,于11月选择生长健壮母株上的当年生枝条,剪成10~15厘米做插穗,将插穗切口消毒,插于细沙基质中,插后浇水保持基质湿润,搭小拱棚保温,插穗生根后即可移栽。


(2)栽培技术:选择湿润肥沃、排水良好,富含腐殖质的沙质壤土进行地栽,株行距根据需要来定,栽时苗木需带土球,栽后浇透水;盆栽用园土、腐叶土、河沙、腐熟有机肥混合做培养土栽植,栽后浇水,移植蔽荫处养护一周,之后移至光照充足处正常管理,生长期每月施肥一次,浇水保持见干见湿即可;整形修剪,花后及时剪去过密枝、交叉枝,侧枝进行短截,促使花叶繁茂;冬季注意保温,盆栽每年换盆一次。(中国农林科技网)


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强X标 2018-11-9 12:40:07 显示全部楼层
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小Cat_璇 2018-11-9 12:40:07 显示全部楼层
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丞昔官eo 2018-11-9 13:53:33 显示全部楼层
The shy回归首发新版剑魔一打四,IG赢下M17夺得LPL首胜!  2018/11/9 13:53:30
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